The ethos of scientism and postmodernism has exacerbated the perceived philosophical and cultural tension between science and religion. What is your perception of this tension?
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I favor scientism because of the following reasons;
Science’s findings suggest that their hypotheses of the origins of creation, individuals, and civilizations are factually incorrect in the belief systems of all traditional religions and cultures of the world. We know, but our ancestors did not know, that human beings belong to a single species of African primate, which late in its history developed agriculture, government, and writing. Our species is believed to be a tiny twig of a genealogical tree that includes all living things and arose nearly four billion years ago from prebiotic chemicals.
We know that we live on a planet in our galaxy that orbits around one of a hundred billion stars, one of a hundred billion galaxies in a 13.8 billion-year-old universe, maybe one of a large number of universes. We know that on scales that are very large and very small, our intuitions about space, time, matter, and causation are incommensurate with the essence of reality. We recognize that there are no purposes relevant to human well-being in the laws regulating the physical environment (including injuries, sickness, and other misfortunes).
There is no such thing as destiny, providence, fate, spells, curses, augury, divine punishment, or prayers answered, although the difference between the laws of probability and the workings of cognition can explain why individuals believe there are. And we know that these things were not always known to us, that the cherished values of any time and society can be decisively falsified, including, without a doubt, those we keep today.
The worldview that drives an educated person’s moral and spiritual values today is the worldview given to us by science. Although scientific facts do not determine principles on their own, the possibilities are definitely hemmed in. They cast doubt on their claims to certainty in matters of morality by stripping ecclesiastical authority of its legitimacy on factual matters. Practices like human sacrifice, witch hunts, faith healing, trial by ordeal, and persecution of heretics are undermined by the scientific refutation of the doctrine of vengeful gods and supernatural powers.
The facts of science compel us to take responsibility for the wellbeing of ourselves, our species, and our world, by revealing the lack of meaning in the laws governing the universe. They undermine any moral or political structure based on supernatural powers, quests, destinies, dialectics, conflicts, or Messianic times, for the same cause.
The scientific facts militate against a defensible ethic, namely adhering to values that enhance the flourishing of humans and other living beings, in conjunction with a few peculiar assumptions that all of us respect our own well-being and that we are social beings that impinge on each other and can negotiate codes of behavior. This humanism, inseparable from the scientific understanding of the world, is becoming the de facto morality of western democracies, of international organisations, of liberalizing religions, and the moral imperatives we face today are characterized by its unfulfilled promises.
I hate postmodernism mainly because;
Because of its rejection of the possibility of an objective reality and its questioning of the concomitant notion that science is somehow advancing, I dislike what they think of as postmodernism. They are confused by the fact that scientific understanding does not actually move towards something we might call ‘reality’. In his highly influential monograph The Framework of Scientific Revolutions, this radical break from past assumptions that scientific progress was inevitably leading to reality, one of the main ideas of Thomas Kuhn.
According to literature survey perceptions of science and religion overall-
59% of Americans state science and religion are often in conflict, while 38% say the two are mostly compatible
While imagining about their own religious beliefs, though, only a minority of adults perceive a conflict between science and their religious views.